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PROCEEDIIV«8 



OV THE 



DEMOCRATIC WHIG 



NATIONAL CONVENTION, 



WHICH ASSEMBLED AT 



HARRfSBPBft^ PENNSTIiTAIOAy 



ON THE 



FOURTH OF DECEMBER, 1839, 



FOR THE PURPOSE OF NOMINATING CANDIDATES 



FOR 



PRfi6IDi»rr AND TICE PRESIDENT 



OF THE 



UNITED STATES. 



PRINTED BY R. 8. ELLIOTT & Co. 



'ic. 'i O^y/. 




^jt^. 



de:iviocrat(o 

WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



Wednesday, December 4, 1S39. 

la pursuance of a resolution adopted by the opposition inember9 
of Congress, for the assembling of a National Convention, composed 
of delegates from all the states, in proportion to their representation 
m both houses of Congress, for the purpose of reeomn[>endtng suita- 
ble peisons as candidates for the offices of President and Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States, at the next election^ 

'JTlie delegates from the respective states to the said National Con- 
yention, assembled at Harrisburg, in the commonwealth of Penn^ 
sylvania, at 12^ o'^clock, M. on the 4ih of December, A. D. 1839; 
when, 

On motion of Mr. Williamson, of Pennsylvania, 

ISAAC C. BATES, of Massachusetts, was called to the Chair,- 
and Charles B, Penrose and John Swift, of Pennsylvania, were 
appointed Secretaries^ 

On motion of Benjamin Watkins Leigh, of Virginia, 

It was resolved^ That the secretary call the respective states in 
tfie order in whieh they are called in the Congress of the United 
States, and that as they are so called, the delegations from each state 
present their creilentials. 

Which being ordered ; the secretary proceeded to call the states, 
When the following delegates appeared and took their seats, viz :-^ 
From the state of 

MAINE. 

Senatorial Delegates. 
Elisha H. Allen, 
Sylvanus R. Lyman. 

District Delegates. 
Samuel Bradley, 
John Neal, 
Richard H. Vose, 
Zina Hyde, 
George Pendleton^ 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Senatorial Delegate, 
James Wilson. 

District Delegates^ 
Solomon \\'^^^^ 
JoeV E.9i&Vuv^ti^ 



DEMOCRATIC WHIG, 



lSSACHUSETTS. 



aODE ISLAND 



ERMONT. 



ONNECTICUT. 



lEW YORK. 



Senatorial Delegates. 
Isaac C. Bates, 
Barker BurnelL 

District Delegates. 

Peleg Sprague, 
Benjamin K. Hough* 
James H. Duncan* 
Samuel Hoar, 
Charles Hudson, 
Artemas Lee, 
Henry Shaw, 
George Ashman, 
Warren Lovering, 
John Howard, 
H. G. O. Colby, 
Nathaniel M. Davis. 

Delegates, 
James F. Simmons, 
William Anthony, 
Byron Diman, 
George G. King 

Delegates. 
William Henry, 
S. H. HoUey, 
A. B, W. Tenny, 
William P. Briggs, 
Charles Fame. 

Delegates. 
Charles Davies, 
William W. Bordman, 
Charles H. Phelps, 
Charles Hawley, 
Joseph S. Gladding, 
E. C. Bacon, 
Ebenezer Jackson^ 
John S. Peters. 

Senatorial Delegates, 
Chandler Starr, 
Robert C. Nicholas, 

District Delegates. 

John A. King, 
Benjamin D. Sillimaiif 
Dudley Seldon, 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 

NEW YORK, (continued.) 

Robert C. Wetmore, 
J. Hammond, 
Robert Smith, 
James A* Hamiltoni 
Peter R. Livingston, 
Hudson McFarland, 
Eliphas Fay, 
Elisha Jenkins, 
Henry Hamilton, 
Amos Briggs, 
Solomon Van Rensselaer, 
John Knickerbocker, 
Bernard Blair, 
Henry H. Ross^ 
Sylvester Gilbert, 
Henry P. Voorhees, 
David Petrie, 
Charles P. Kirkland, 
Andrew Z. McCarty, 
John Bradly, 
John Russel, 
Vincent Whitney, 
Devilla White, 
James Dunn, 
D. D« Spencer,. 
Amos P. Granger, 
Jonathan D. I^yard, 
George H. Wood, 
Gasey V. Sackett, 
Henry W. Taylor, 
John N. Dox, 
Isaac Lacy, 
Phineas L, Tracy, 
Allen Ayrault, 
Chancy Tucker, 
Lewis F. Allen, 
Jacob Chatterton. 



NEW JERSEY. 



Senatorial Delegate. 
Asa Whitehead. 

Diatrict Delegates. 
Dudley S. Gregory, 
Ephraim Marsh, 
John D. Ha^er, 
Thomas A. HaxVn^^ 
Cra.ig MoCElI, 
RobetX El. ¥Loni«t« 



DEMOCRATIC WHIG 



ELAWARE. 



Delegates. 
Thomas Stockton, 
Thomas Rodney, 
Richard Mansfield, 
Jacob Haris, 
Peter F. Cansey, 
Presly Spruance, 
Thomas Wainw light, 
William D. Waples, 
David Hazzard, 
Joshua G. Baker. 



ENNSYLVANIA. 



Senatorial Delegates* 
John Andrew Shulze, 
Joseph Lawrence. 

District Delegates. 
Alexander Quinton, 
Frederick Fraley, 
John Swift, 
Bela Badger, 
William Darlington, 
Edward Darlington, 
Jonathan Roberts, 
E. T. M'Dowell, 
John A. Fisher, 
W. R. Morris, 
Charles B. Penrose, 
John Williamson, 
A. O. Gaboon, 
James Merrill, 
Samuel M. Barclay, 
Cyrus P. Markle, 
John Gray, 
Collin C. Reed, 
'J\ H. Patterson, 
David Leech, 
John Dickey, 
William Clark. 

From the 4th Congressional district, composed of the counties of 
elaware, Chester, and Lancaster, Emanuel C. Reigart appeared 
id claimed his seat. Thomas G. Henderson also appeared aad 
admed the same seat. 

From the 12th Congressional district, composed of the counties of 
lams and Franklin, James Coliioun appeared and claimed to re- 
fsenisaid distrwU Geo. Chambers also appeared and claimod fbt 
'seat 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



V 



From the 17tli Congressional district, composed of -the counties ef 
Susquehanna, Bradford, Potter and iM'Kean, (VIoses J.Clark appear- 
ed and claimed to represent said district. Edward Overton also ap- 
peared and claimed to represent said district. 

Whereupon, 

Mr. Roberts, of Pennsylvania, moved that a committee of five 
delegates from other states than Pennsylvania, be appointed, to whom 
the cases of the contested seats from Pennsylvania be referred. 

Mr. Williamson, of Pennsylvania, moved to amend the motion, 
by striking out, and inserting that the cases of disputed seats in the 
delegation from Pennsylvania be referred to said delegation. 

Mr. Sfraoue, of Massachusetts, then moved thai the said motion, 
together with the amendment, be laid upon the tabIC) and that the 
Secretary proceed with the call of the States. 

Which motion prevailed, and the Secretary proceeded wifh the 
call — as follows, viz : 

MARYLAND. 

Senatorial Delegate. 
Keverdy Johnson. 

District Delegates. 
John Leeds Kerr, 
James N. Goldborough, 
Robert W. Balbie, 
Richard J. Bowie, 
George Howard, 
A. Alexander, 
James Moores. 

Senatorial Delegates. 
Benjamin Watkins J^eigb, 
James Barbour. 

District Delegatu. 
James W. Pegram, 
William S. Archer, 
Edward Chambers, 
John Tyler, 
Willoughby Newton, 
J. B. Harvey, 
Isaas A. Coles, 
Jones Green, 
John Janney, 
Henry Berry, 
Augustus Waterman^ 



VIRGINIA. 



DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

rORTH CAROLINA. 

Senatorial Delegate. 
John Owen. 

Bietrict Dekgatee, 
Charles R. Kenney, 
Waiiam W. Cherry, 
Frederick J. Hill, 
William H. Battle, 
John B. Kelly, 
Henry W. Miller, 
Nathaniel M. Roan, 
Isaac Burns, 
William F. Davidson, 
Thomas A. Allison, 
Burgess S. Gaithef. 



:entucky. 



«io. 



Senatorial Delegates, 
Thomas Metcalfe, 
Leslie Combs, 

District Delegatee, 
Marshall Key, 
James Shelby, 
William Preston, 
David Banks, 
Jennings Price, 
O. M. Clay, 
Franklin A. Andrews. 

Senatorial Delegate. 
Jacob Burnet. 

District Delegate^. 
N. G. Pendleton, 
John Johnson, 
W. A. Rogers, 
William Murphy, 
J. Toland, 
John M. Creed, 
Ira Belknap, 
Ephram Cutler, 
Benjamin S. Co wen, 
Charles T. Sherman, 
Cyrus Prentis, 
Tracy Bronson, 
Holland Green, 
J. L. Lacy, 
Benjamin vBentley, 




NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



INDIANA. 



LOUISIANA. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



MISSOURL 



ILLINOIS. 



ALABAMA 



y 



MICHIGAN- 



Douglass M'Gulre, 
James R. Mendenhall, 
Amos Clark, 
James Perry/' 
E. M. Huntington. 

G. Mason Graham. 

T. C. Tuppei, 
A. S. Perkins. 

W. H. Russel, 
Logan Hunton, 
Uriel Wright, 

G. W. Ralph, 
Walter L. Newberry, 
William B. Warren. 

Henry W. Hilliard, 
William H. Fleming, 
W, H. Smith. 

George C. Bates, 
Thomas J. Drake. 



Upon motion of Mr. Spraoue^ of Massachusetts, It was 

Resolvedj That a committee of one delegate from each State b« 
Appointed to report officers for the permanent organization of the 
Oonvention. 

The Committee are : 

Mm8S(ichu8ett» — Peleg Sprague. 
Maine — Elisha H. Allen. 
N. Hampshire — James Wilson, 
Vermont — William Henry. 
Rhode Island — George A. King. 
Connecticut — Charles Davies. 
New JPbr^-— Chandler Starr. 
New Jersey-'-^k&QL Whitehead. 
Delaware — William D. Waples. 
Pennsylvama — John Andrew Shulze. 
Maryland — Reverdy Johnson. 
Virginia — Benjamin W. Leigh. 
N. Caro/»na—r Johiv 0>ii«ii* 



10 DEMOCRATIC WHIG? 

Indiana — Douglass McGuire. 
Illinois — William B. Warren. 
Michigan — George C. Bates. 
Mississippi — T. G. Topper. 
Missouri — W . H . Rassell. 
KentVKky — liCslre Combs. 
Louisiana — G. M. C-raham. 
Alabama — W. H. Fleming. 

Mr. Johnson, of Ohio, ofiered the following resolution! 

Resolved^ That the sittings of this Convention be Gommenced 
every morning with prayer to Almighty God for his blessings upon 
its deliberations, and for this purpose the President is hereby request- 
ed respectfully and affectionately to inriie the attendance of the 
Reverend Clergy of Harrisburg, to officiate in succession. 

Laid upon the Table until the Convention is organized. 

On motion of Mr. Roberts, of Pennsylvania, 

It was Resolved, That when this meeting of delegates adjourns, 
h win adjourn to meet to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock, A. JVl., and 
^lat that be the standing hour for the meeting of the Convention until 
otherwise ordered. 

W hereupon r 
On motion of Mr, Barbour, of Virginia, the meeting 

Adjourned » 



Thursday, l>eceinber 5, 1$89. 

The Delegates met pursuant to adjournment, and the journal of 
yesterday was read. 

When Mr. Burnet, of Ohio, announced the arrival of his c^- 
liegne, Cyrus Falconer, and presented his credentials. 

Mr. Leigh, of Virginia, of his colleagues William C. Moseley 
and Festus Dickinson. 

Mr. TuPFER, of Mississippi, of his colleague Anderson Miller. 

Mr. Hill, of North Carolina, of J. C. Washington. 

The said delegates appeared and took their seats. 

Mr. DicKET, of Pennsylvania, informed the meeting that the ques- 
tion of the contested seats from that State hadbeen amicably adjusteil 
with the consent of the gentlemen claiming seats, and the. approbation 
•f the delegation, and that it was agreed that the following should 
lake their seats as delegates, to wit : 

Emanuel C. Reigart, Thomas G. Henderson, James Colhoan, 
Ceorge Chamhera, Moses J. Clark, Edward Overton. 



NATIONAL CONVENTION- 11 

• 
"Whereupon, on motion of Mf . Dickey, of Pennsylvania, 
It was Resolveil, That the said delegates be admitted to seats, 
«nd that the journal of yesterday be amended accordingly. 

Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, announced the arrival of his colleague 
William Price, District Delegate, and the substitation of John Bos- 
«nan Kerr, as Senatorial delegate from that State. 

The said delegates appeared and took their i?eats. 

Mr. Sprague, of Massachusetts, from the committee appointed on 
yesterday to report officers for the permanent organization of this 
Convention, made the following report : 

"The Committee appointed to recommend officers for the perma- 
nent organization of this Convention, have attended to tliat duty, 
and 

REPORT, That the officers shall consist of a President, thirteen 
Vice Presidents, and four Secretaries; and the following gentlemen 
are recommended to fill these offices, respectively. 

PRESIDENT. 

Gov. JAMES BARBOUR, of Virginia. 

VICE PRESIDENTS. 

Gov. John S. Peters, of Connecticut. 

Gov. John Andrew Shulzb, of Pennsylvania. 

Gov. David Hazzakd, of Delaware. 

"Gov. George Howard, of Maryland. 

Gov. John Tyler, of Virginia. 

Gov. John Owen^ of North Carolina. 

*Gov. Thoihas Metcalf, of Kentucky. 

Hon. Peter R. Livingston, of New York* 

Hon. Jacob Burnet, of Ohio. 

Hon. Isaac C. Bates, of Massachusetts. 

Hon. James Wilson, of New Hampshire. 

Hon. Elisha M. Huntington, of Indiana. ^ 

Hon. Ephraim Marsh, of New Jersey. 

SECR61TARIE8. 

€!harhs B, Penrose^ Esq. of Pennsylvania, 
George W, Ralphs Esq. of Illinois, 
Sylvanus R, Lymnn, Esq. of Maine, 
Charle» Paine^ Esq. of Vermont 

And the Chairman of this committee was instructed to recommend 
6iat a door-keeper and assistants be appointed by the first named 
•Secretary. 

On motion of Mr. Kirkland, of New York, the report of die 
•committee was adopted. 

Whereupon, Governor James BKl^^o\l^^^^N*vt5gc«vik.^'^;t^'^>^'^^^^ 
(he Convention, was conducVed Vo V\ve CAx^vt Vj '^'^•Xjk\^>^^ 
fyo/a, and Mr. Livingstoa, oi ^eiN l[ot\u 



12 DEMOCRATIC WHtG 

Mr. Barbour, in an eloquent address, made his acknowledgm«nt9 
to the Convention for the honor conferred upon him; which, by order 
of the Convention, is inserted upon its Journal, as follows, to wit: 

Gektlemcn-— I feel much, obliged to you for the unexpected and 
distinguished mark of eonsideratioH' you have so kindly vouchsafed 
to me, and in return I assure you that to the uttermost of my capa- 
city, I will justify your confidence by discharging the duties assigned 
me with die most scrupulous fidelity— in which effort 1 anticipate 
the hearty co-operation of every member of this Convention. 

Th^ honor of presiding over such a Convention, under any cir- 
eumstances, 19 great indeed — ^but is more highly appreciated by me, 
as I believe it was intended as a token of respect to the common- 
wealth of which I am a native citizen, and which, I am persuadedr 
she will feel and acknowledge -with becoming sensibility. 

Commissioned as we are, by a constituency never surpassed in 
intelli^nce and patriotism, to take charge of their interests in an 
affair of the gravest importance, every member of the Convention 
will feel the responsibility he has assumed correspionding with the 
honor conferred npon him in being a member of this Convention. 

The American people have had but too much cause to complain 
of the disastrous effects of the mal-administration of their national 
affairs. A large portion of them are filled with inquietude and alarm 
at the still greater evils threatened in the future. I would to 601^ 
that those fears were without foundation — ^for myself, in the solemn 
place I now stand, I declare before my country, that I verily believe 
the present time as essentially in travail with the great problem of 
the capacity of man for self-government. When I cast my eye over 
the Convention, and see the many grey heads, moat ef whom may 
justly be called the conscript fathers of the Rcfpublic, a title won by 
long and illustrious services, alike in the State and^federal Councils 
—having devoted their lives to the cause of liberty and free Gov- 
ernment, and in better times to be hailed by their fellow citizens with 
the plaudit of well done ; when I see such men, leaving their homea 
at this inclement season, and coming from the uttermost corners of 
the Republic, to aid by their counsels, it presents a feaiful testimony 
to the awful solemnity of the crisis in which we are called to act. 
Nor can it be doubled that the voice of such men will be heard 
with respect — the malignity of faction will not dare to impeach 
their motives. They have run their political course — their grey 
hairs testify that the places which once knew them will shortly 
know them no more — they are here, not for themselves, but aa 
Trustees for the rising generation, of which their own beloved 
children are a part— what motive can they have but the welfare of 
th^ir country. When they speak, the little demagogue with hia 
ainister purpose, the pest of society, will quail and stand rebuked, 
Moi/ the great body of the people, no matter with what party name 



NATIONAL CONVENTION, 13 

ihey have been baptized, will be taught to feel that they have jl 
<eountry to love as well as a party to serve. 

We are indeed in the midst ctf a revolution. Those walls of 
partition which our Fathers constructed between the difierent depart- 
liients of the government, and which, judging from their own pa* 
triotic hearts, they thought would be impassable, have been insolent-- 
ly and audaciously broken "down by Executive aggression, and he 
has assumed to hinrself a mass df power utterly incompatable with 
that equilibrum which all experience testifies is indispensiMe to the 
existence of free institutions. The forms of the Constitution are 
retained, but its spirit is gone-^yonr President its a monarch almost 
absolute. It would be a waste of time to present to this assembly 
t!he facts which would make manifest tlie justness xX this assertion^ 
To the most incredulous beyond these walls let it be said, who tron* 
bles himself now to inquire what Congress will do-— but all are alive 
as to the will or the wish of the President — ^his sic volo sicjubeo 
has been the law of the land for years past. 

To avert the threatning evils, our constituents are convinced there 
is no remedy except by a change of our public agents, and especially 
of the Chief Magisti ate; — and to effect this object, unanimity on the 
part of the opponents of the present mal-administration is indispensable 
— and to arrive at this result is the great object of the Convention. 
That in OUT extended confederacy, fortunate in the great number of 
distinguished citizens, differences of opinion should exist as to the best 
choice, is no matter of surprise — indeed, it is rather matter of pride, as 
it indicates that we have ftie independence to think for ourselves, and 
the fi^rmness to express our opinions ; to that extent persond predelic- 
tions may be justly indulged, but instantly to be surrendered as a ready 
sacrifice when that sacrifice is demanded by -our -country — unanimity-, 
let it be impressed on every mind, is the only pivot on which our hopes 
can rest. We should poorly fulfil the wishes t)f our constituents were 
we to suffer any mmor consideration to interfere with tJiis all absorb- 
ing object. We are not here to promote any local object, to acquire 
the supremacy of this or that State, or to cater for the spoil? of office. 
Tlie horizon of our view should embrace the whole Republic. The 
object the reformation of our Government. Present me a man that 
promises success, and whose character guarantees this result, and I 
care not what letters of the alphabet make his name, I will sing 
hosannas to it as loud as any one. 

Public expectation is waiting on tiptoe to learn the issue of your 
resolves. Not only the great portion of the American people we 
represent, but our rivals also. EHvislonin our ranks is the foundation 
oT their hopes — -they have taunted us that we cannot unite. — If 
ihese prophesies' be verified, then indeed our misfortunes will be 
speedily told in Gath and pubhshed in Askelon, and the Philistines 
will rejoice, while our friends will be clothed in sackcloth^aad aahfiAu 
I |)ray God to avert such a ca.\aLalxop\\^ . 



t€ DEMOCRA'nC WHIG' 

In looking at the prospect before us, though candor requires u* t& 
admit that we see clouds as well as sunshine, yet a^ cbrnparisoa of 
both presents no cause for despondency. We can redeem the coun- 
try. Hang: out your banner — let it be inscribed with ywir principles. 
One term for the Presidfency— ^put down the horrible proscription for 
opinion^s sake, which makes slaves of the- thousand^ k> ofhce, and^ 
of the len^ of thousands aspiring to office, who hope by their greater 
abasement to expel the incumbents — fit instruments to make slaves 
of us all — distribute equally the avails^ of the public domain among the 
old as well as the new States — dismiss the horde of useless officers. 
Bring to condign punishment the public swindler. Arrest the shame- 
less waste of the people's money, but too much of which, it i» 
charged, has been perverted to the wages of iniquity. With thescr 
principles, and with' a candidate uniting wisdom ami experience- 
presenting a long list of illustrious services to his country; with a? 
liberality of spirit and a comprehensiveness of mind thai will lift hinv 
far above the t^ndrtion of a miserable tool of party — and who will 
become the i'lesidentof the whole American people. A citizen pre- 
senting these qualities — standing on the broad platform of your prin- 
ciples — surely cannot fail of success, if we are true to ouiselves. 

Let us profit by the example' of our opponents in vigilance and 
real. Defeat with them, instead of producing despondency, becomes* 
ft fresh stimulus to renewed exertions. Shalhthe fi-iemk of the con-' 
stitution and liberty be less zealous and active than those whom we 
fear will impair both? Our rrval has performed no act which address-^ 
88 itself to the alTection or pride of Ihs country. Those who know 
him best tell chs thrit he has devoted his whole life to an exaggerated 
egotism, in ministering to which he has been' unscrupulous as tO' 
means. In such a conflict we are forbid to despair, alike by the ge- 
nius of the Constitution, ahd the last hope of human liberty. 

Let every man remembei^ that no matter how sn>all his infiuencer 
still he is an American citizen, and his country calls him to action, 
whether he belong to the tribe with ten talents, or the tribe with only 
half a talent. It is ki the political as in the natural world — t^he whole i» 
composed of atoms. Public sentiment is made up^ of individual 
opinion, and the great ocean kself woukl dry up^if i4 were not fop 
the drops that compose it. 

J^t us then, from this temple, send up a silent appeal to Heaven, 
I under the most solemn- sanctions of our peligion, that nothing unwor- 
thy shall infiuenee our delil»erations, and pray to the Almighty, who- 
has so often stretched out his protecting arm for our deliverance, stil^ 
to iiave US in his holy keeping, and so direct our' counsels that they 
may promote the happiness ol^our country, smd especially to preserve^ 
our free institutions, so that in all coming time, so long as we shall 
he spared, we may reflect with pride that we were members of thir 
great National Convention. 

TAe y/re Presidents and Secretaries then took their seatft^ and thr 
^oj2.veatiQa was deoJaredJto be diily organized* 



lUAtlONAL CONVENTION. 16 

Mr. Graham, of Louisiana, asked leave to read a letter from F. 
W. Trapnall, of Arkansas. 

Whereupon, on motion of Mr. Shaw, of Massachusetts, it was 
-iOTdered that the letter be read by the Secretary; which being done, 
-it was, on motion of Mr. Davies, of Connecticut, laid on the table. 

On motion of Mr. Chambi&rs, of Pennsylvania, it was 

Jfesolved^ That the Rules of order of the House of Representatives 
•of the United States for its government, be adopted for the government 
of this convention, so far as the same may be applicable. 

On motion of Mr. Johnson, of Ohio, the Convention proceeded 
io the consideration of the ^resolution inviting the Reverend Clergy 
of Harrisburg to ofliciate in succession during the sitting of the 
CJonvention. 

Which resolution being under consideration, was agreed to. 

On motion of Mr. Morris, of Pennsylvania, 

Ordered, That Reporters of the newspaper press be invited to 
occupy seats on the floor of the Convention. 

Mr. Chambers, of Pennsylvania, submitted a Letter accompanied 
by resolutions adopted at a Conven'ion held at Chnmbersburg on 
the 13th and 14th of June, 1839, which, upon motion of Mr. KiNe 
of New York, was laid upon the table. 

Mr. Sprague, of Massachusetts, then^ubmitted the following : 

Ordered, That the Delegates from each State be requested to aan 
«emble as a Delegation, and appoint a committee, not exceeding tiirec 
in number, to receive the views and opinions of such delegation, and 
oommunicate the same to the assembled committees of all the Dele- 
^tions, to be by them respectively reported to their principals ; and 
ihat theieupon the delegates from each State be requested to assem^ 
bleas a Delegation, and ballot for candidates for of the ofHces of Presi- 
dent and Vice President, and having done so, to commit the ballot tp 
its committee; and thereupon all the committees shall assemble and 
compare the several ballots, and report the result of the same to 
their several Delegations, together with such facts as may bear upon 
the nomination, and said delegation shall forthwith re-assemble and 
ballot again for candidates for the above offices, and again commit 
the result to the above committees^ and if it shall appear that a ma- 
jority of ballots are for any one man for candidate for President or 
Vice President, said committee shall report the result to the Conven- 
tion for its consideration ; but if there shall be no such majority, 
then the delegations shall repeat the balloting nntil such a majority 
«hall be obtained, and then report the same to ihe Convention fof its 
^consideration. 

Which being under consideration, 

Mr. Penrose, of Pennsylvania, moved \^^xftfc\A '^^ii ^'ws^'^s^ 
<diii^ the followiag to the end iVieteo^^ 



16 DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

"That the vote of a majority of each delegation shall be reported 
as the vote of that State ; and each State represented here shall vote 
its full electoral vote by such delegation in the committee." 

Mr. Newton, of Virginia, moved that the resolution, together with 
the amendment, be referred to a committee of one delegate from 
each state ; which was not agreed to. 

The question recurring on the amenchnent, it was agreed to. 

The resolution as amended being under consideration, 

Mr. Leigh, of Virg'nia,moved further to amend the same by insert- 
ing after the word »* ballot," where it occurs the second time, the 
words 'designating the votes of each candidate, and by whom given;" 
which was agreed to. 

Mr. R. J. Bowie, of Maryland^ then moved to strike out all afler 
the word resolved and insert the following : 

Resolved, That this Convention proceed at 12 o'clock, M. on Fri- 
day, to the nomination of a Candidate for the Presidency of the U. 
States ; that the sense of the Convention be ascertained by yea? 
and nays, and after the votes of each member present have been cast, 
iJiat the majority of each delegation cast the votes of the absent mem- 
bers of such delegation as they think proper, and the person having 
the majority of the whole number of votes, (after the first ballot,) be 
the nominee of this Convention. 

Which motion being under consideration, Mr. Merril, of Pennsyl- 
vania, called for a divison of the question, to end with striking out, 
which was ordered. 

The first division being under consideration, it was disagreed to. 

The question agjain recurring on the resolution as amended, it 
was agreed to» 

So it was ordered^ That the dekgates &om each State be requested 
to assemble as a delegation, and appoint a committee not exceeding 
three in number, to receive the views and opinions of such delegation,, 
and communicate the same to the assembled committees of all the 
delegations, to be by them respectively reported to their principals ; 
and that thereupon the Delegates from each State be requested to as- 
semble as a delegation, and ballot for candidates for the offices of 
President and Vice President, and having done so, to commit the bal- 
lot designating the votes of each candidate, and by whom given, to 
its committee; and thereupon all the committees shall assemble and 
compare the several ballots, and report the lesult of the same to their 
several delegations, together with such facts as may bear upon the 
nomination, and said delegations shall forthwith re-assemble and ballot 
again for candidates for the above offices, and again commit the re- 
auh to the above committees; and if it shall appear that a majority 
of the ballots are for any one man for candidate for President or Vice 
President,, said committee uhdll report the Tesult to l\v« CQiiNeTk>Aoch 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. It 

fer hs consideratieQ; but if there shall be ne suck majority, then the 
delegations skaU repeat the ba'ltonng nntA such a majority shall be 
obtained, and then report the same to the Convention for its consid- 
<eralioa. 

That the vote 6f « majority of each Delegation shall be reported 
«8 the vote of that State, and each State represented here shafi vote 
its full eieotorsd vote by suck delegation in the Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Johkson, of Maryland, the Convention adk 
joomed. 



NOTE. — The foHewtng committee was appointed by the several 
delegations from the States represented in the Convention on the ov* 
der for the nomination of candidates for the Presidency and Vice 
Presidency of the United States to be presented to the consideratioA 
of the Conivntien, to wit : 

JOHN OWEN of North Carolina, Chairman- 

E. C. Bacon ef CoesecticHt, Secretary, 

Maine — John Neal, Richard H. Vose, Zina Hyde. 

AW HampsMre-^James Wilson, Solomon McNeal. 

Massachusetts — George Abhman, Barker Barnell, Henry Shaw. 

Shade /i(a»(/-— James F. Simmons, WilHam Anthony. 

Vermont — William Henry, William P. Briggs. 

Connecticut — E. C. Bacon, W. W. Boardman. 

New York — Chandler Starr, James A. Hamilton, David Petri©. 

New Jersey — Dudley S. Gregory. 

Pennsylvania — Frederick Fralev, John Dickey, E. T. McDoweiU 

/)c/aM>ar«-- Thomas Stockton, T. M. Rodney. 

Maryland — John L. Kerr, A. Alexander, Robert W. Bowie. 

Virginia — Benjamin Walkins l^gh. 

North CaroR.iU — John Owen, Chambers R. Kinney. 

Kentucky — Thomas Meicalfe, Leslie Combs. 

Ohio — Jacob Burnet, Tracy Bronson 

Indiana — James Perry, Douglass McGuire. 

Louisiana — G. Mason Graham, 

Mississippi — Anderson Miller. 

Missouri— William H. RusscH. Logan Hunion. 

Illinois — Walter L. Nfiwbury, W. B. Warren. 

Alabama— Henry W. Hilliard, W. H. Fleming. 

Michigan — George C. Bates. 



18 DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

Friday, December 6, 1839. 

The Convention met pursuant to adjournment, and the journal 
of yesterday was read. 

The Pbesidbnt laid before the Convention the proce^edings of a 
Whig Convention of the State of Vermont; which were laid on the 
table. 

Mr. Bates of Michigan, announced the arrival of his colleague 
Andrew T. McReynolds, who appeared and took his seat. 

The President presented a letter from Samuel Pool, President of 
the Congregation of the Lutheran Church ; which, on motion of 
Mr. Fisher of Pennsylvania, was read and laid on the table. 

Mr. C. M. Clay of Kentucky, offered the following: 
Ordered^ That the Secretary shall proceed to call the names' of all 
the members of this Convention in alphabetical order, and that each 
delegate ghall designate viva voce, his choice of a candidate for Presi- 
dent and Vice President ; and where any delegation shall not be full, 
the majority of the delegates present shall cast the vote of the ab- 
sent members ; and when any one nominated shall have a majority 
of the electoral votes, he shall be the candidate for the Presidency, 
or for the Vice Presidency, as the case may be, of this Convention. 

Orderedy That the committee appointed yesterday to ballot for 
President and Vice President, now report to this Convention the 
result of their ballot. 

Which, on motion of Mr. Davies of Connecticut, was laid on the 
table. 

Mr. Ralph of Ulinois, announced the arrival of his colleague E. A. 
Whiple, who appeared and took his seat. 

On motion of Mr. Horner of New Jeisey, it was 

Resolved, That the delegation from each State furnish to the 
Secretaries a list of the delegates of such State, together with their 
several post-offices. 

On motion of Mr. Silliman of New York, it was ordered, that 
when the Convention adjourn it will adjourn to meet at three 
o*clock this afternoon. 

Mr. M'Farland of New York, presented resolutions of a Whig 
Convention held in the county of Orange, New York ; which, on 
motion of Mr. Preston of Kentucky, were laid on the table. 

On motion of Mr. Williamson of Pennsylvania, it was 
Resolved, That Mr Fishei of Pennsylvania, Mr. King of 
New York, and Mr. Lee of Massachusetts, be a committee of Fi- 
nance. 

When, on motion, the Convention 

Adjourned. 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. II 

Tliree o'cloelL, P. IMU 

The Convention met pursuant to adjournment. 

On motion of Mr. WiAiamson of Pennsylvania, it was ordered 
That when the Convention adjourn it will adjourn to meet a 
7 o'clock, P. M. 

And on motion, the Convention adjourned. 



SeTen o'clock^ P. HI* 

Convention met pursuant to adjournment. 

Mr. Fleming of Alabama, announced the arrival of his colleague 
John W. Swope of that State, who appeared and took his seat. 

Mr. Wetmore of New York, presented \he following : 

The following resolutions were unanimously adopted by the Gen 
eral Committee of Whig young men of the city and county of Nei 
York, and ordered to be presented for the consideration of the Hai 
risburg Convention. 

Resolved, That this committee recommend the assembling of ; 
National Convention of Whig young men to respond to the Harris 
hurg nomination, and to deliberate on such other business as ma] 
come before them. 

Resolved, That said convention assemble at on dai 

of 1840. 

Resolved^ That this committee submit as the result of their judg 
ment, that the ratio for chosing delegates be double that of thi 
Congressional representation. 

Ordered to lay on the table. 

Mr. Williamson of Pennsylvania, announced the substitution c 
Thomas E. Cochran of Pennsylvania in the room of W- R. Morris 
called home. 

On motion, Convention adjourned to meet at 9 o*clock| P. M. 



Mine cii'cloclL, P, IML 

The Convention met pursuant to adjournment. 

Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, offered the following : 
Ordered, That the committee appointed #by the resolution of th 
5th instant, to confer in relation to ^e persons to be presented by thi 
Convention as candidates for the offices of President and Vice Presi 
dent of the United States, be and they are hereby instructed fortfc 
with to report progress, and that having dQive%Q^>3^^^\^ ^^A^^cisia^i; 
from any farther action under B^Xd te«Q\ok>Antk« 
Laid on the table« 



so DEMOCRATIC WHIG 



:? 



Mr. Hoar, of Massachiisetto, annowrced' l^at the delegation: from 
i5 that State had suhstituted Richard Haughton to supply Uie vacancy 
j« occasioned by the absence of Mr. Colby^ 

;| On motion, it was oidered Ihot liber C'ofiventioQ take a recess for 
j! onehowr. 

s 



I After the reces» the Convention again met ;■ wheo 



Mr. Owen, of North CaroMna, lirom tlie committee appointed by 

[^ Che several Delegations of the respective States, on the order of 
the 5th instant, RBFOimiy, 



j That the whole number of ballots given for President were two> 
j hundred and fifiy.foiir,.one hundred and twenty^ight being a majorityf 
:; that of these bafio(»— 



} WIN FIELD SCOTT, of New Jersey, received Ift- 

f HENRY CLAY, of Kentucky, received W 

! WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, of Ohio, received 148 

; Therefore, that WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON had received « 
majority of the whole number of the votes given for President. 

The committee further report that they had made progress, but not 
having completed the business committedr to them, they asked leave- 
to sit again. 

Which was agreed to ; and. 

On motion of Mr. JouNsoNt of Maryland, the Convention 

Adjourned,. 



Salurday, December Vtliy 1S9B^ 

Convention met pursuant to adjomrnment. 

The Journal of yesterday being read, 

Mr. KiKKLAND, of New York, announced that the Delegation 
from that State bad substituted Paraclite Potter in the place of Chand- 
ler Starr, who had been called home. 

Mr. Owen, of North Carolina, from the committee appointed un- 
der the order of the 5th instant, Reported, 

That ,two hundred and thirty one ballots had been cast for Vice 
.President of the United States, in said Committee, the State of Vir- 
glnia decliningy for ie»sous which would be stated by one of tk^ 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. %l 

«Ael€gation, to vote on the question; and that the whole number oT 
MIots cast were niveii 4kr 

JOHN TYLER, of Virginia, 

98 the candidate for the Vice Presidency ; who was therefore unani* 
mously presented to the -consideradon of ihe coaveatioa as the «aa- 
4idate for that office. 

Mr. LviGK, of Virginia, stated, that tkev«teti^ilhst State had been 
withheld from Committee, from motives ef delicacy towards Gov-* 
Tyler, who was one of her delegation in this Convention ; but ihe 
ttominatimn made had ike cordial approbation and concurrence of the 
<x>lleagae8 of Mr. Tyler, as it would have of those whom they repre- 
«ented here. 

Mr. Banks, of Kentucky, addressed the chair, and declared thaft 
liowever much the friends of the great Statesman of that State mighl 
Yegret that another distinguished patriot had^teen |Mefenred, they were 
ready to yield up their preferenees Cor the ^ood of the country, and 
|;o for the nominations nnide by the committee. 

Mr. Preston, of the same State, m%de a similar declaration, and 
informed the Convention that General Ijcslie Combs, one of the 
delegation, had in Ins pos^essicm a letter from the Hon. Henry Clay« 
•which related to the question presented ; and on his ^motion it w-as 
^directed to be read : which being done, it was 

On motion of Mr. Boardman, of Connecticut, 

Resolved^ That the letter of the Honorable Henry Clay, jus* 
cead* be, with the consent of the delegation Irotn Kentucky, entered 
at large on the journals of the proceedings of this Oenvention. 

Which is accordingly done, as foHows i 

Ashland, 20th November, 1839, 

Gentlemen : — The public use which has been made of my name« 
in connexion with the office of President of ^ ^United States, fur* 
oishes the motive, ^as I trust it will form the apology, for this npte. 
I address it to y<ni, hecause our common residence m the same State 
aippears to me to rend^ you the most appropriate repository and or- 
f[an of what I wicrh now to «ay. 
' The Convention at Harrisburg to designate ^randidates tif ^Op- ] 

PMition to the present Federal Admmistcalion, for ttre offices of 
resident mnd Vice*Rpesidem of the United States, has been recom- 
mended, asid die f>fopnety of it has been generally concurred in by > 
«11 who agree as to the necessity of a<;hange in the^jeneral Admin- 
istration. It appeared to me to be the host, if not the only practicabk 
method of reconciling and uniting those w^, coinciding in the gene- 
ral principle, entertained different views ^hs to the most suitable can- 
didates for those high offices, and I ha.v* -aa-wsi^YW^ ^^w^^^^c^ vsxa. 
preasei, and now repeal tiie e;^te>«%\(yGL ^\ wa 4i»\s>^R:«*s«k «^ ^ 






s«Z DEMOCRATIC WHIGf 

i 

expediency of an entiie and cordial acquiescence in the recommed- 
.: dations of the Contention. 

' In the meantime, appeals directly and indirectly have been made 
J to me by a highly respectable Convention holden in Pennsylraniav 
; and by private ifidividuals, to decline giving my consent to the use 
\ of my name, upon the ground that a distinguished ehizen of the' 
;' State of Ohio is the' first choice of the Opposition in Pennsylvania, 
-i and in the opinion of that Convention would be more likely to con- 
"i ciliate general support than I should. I have been also addressed 
i by various respectable and intelligent citizens of New York, directly 
i and indirectly, recommending me to decline the contest m behalf of. 
another eminent citizen, who has been distinguished in both the raili* 
r tary and civil service of the United States. 

i Whilst I have been thus urgently but respectfully approaeheda 
numerous private citizens and public meetings and conventions ia 

' various parts of the United States (one of these conventions, indeedt 
in Pennsylvania itself^ have . done me the honor to express their 

• confidence in me, and to intirnate their wishes that I might be the 

\ candidate of the Opposition for the office of Chief Magistrate. 

It is perfectly manifest that I cannot comply with all these con- 
' flicting opinions and wishes, nor, I apprehend, with any one of them» 

■ without disobliging the others. 

Under, these embarrassing circumstances, I have thought it most 

. advisable to leavd to the Convention at Harrisburg the free selection 

of candidates, as being the assembly to Which, by common consent^ 

■ that important duty |ias been referred. Representing, as it probabfy 
. urill, all parts of the United Stales, bringing together the feelings 

and views of all, and comparing and weighing the local information 

■ which it will derive from every portion, it will be most competent 
to make a nomination acceptable to the great majority of its consti- 
tuents. That it will be faithful to the high tmst confided to its judg- 

' luent and patriotism, cannot be doubted; and having a full view of 
the whole grounds it will be more likely to make a selection agreea- 

ible to the great body of the Opposition tfjan any separate convention 
, could do, however enlightened and patriotic ft may be. If the Penn- 
sylvania Convention, to which I have just alluded, be right in sup- 
posing that the distinguished citizen whom it prefers would be more 
; likely to be successful than any other, he ought to be nominated^ 
^ and undoubtedly, for that very reason, will be nominated by the 
J Harrisburg Convention, sfioulid it entertain the same opinion. 

I With a just and proper sense of the high honor of being volunta- 
■• rily called to the office of Piesident of ihe United Stales by a great, free 
I and enlightened people ^ and profoundly grateful to those of my fel- 
r Jarr citizens who are desirous to see me placed in that c>xalted and 
responsible station, I must, nevertheless, say, in enlite Xtulh aud aia- 
^ritjr^ t/iat if the deJiberaUions of the Conv^ation aVvaVV \e^>iwMBi 



1 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 2S 

to the choice of another as the candidate of the opposition, far from 
feeling any discontent, the nomination will have my best wishes, 
and receive my cordial support. 

And, gentlemen, I hope that you, my friends and neighbors, will 
excuse the liberty I take in expressing to you my anxious desire 
that, discarding all attachment or partiality to me, and guided solely 
by the motive of rescuing our country from the dangers which no\^ 
encompass it, you will heartily unite in the selection of that citizen 
although it should not be me, who may appear to be most likely, 
by bistf lection, to bring about a salutary change in the administration 
of the General Government — a change without which we shall be 
mocked by the lorms, and strip! of the substantial benefits of free in*' 
stitutions. 

From' the tenor of this note, I scarcely need observe that yoil 
aie at perfect liberty to make such use of it as in your discretion 
may seem proper. 

I am, with high respect, your friend, and obedient servant. 

HENRY CLAYi 

To Gov. Thomas Metcalfe, Gen. Leslie. Combs, and the other 
Delegates from Kentucky to the Harrisburg Convention. 

Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, offered the following resolution : 

Resolveif^ That this Convention unanimously recommend^to the 
people of the United States, as a candidate for the office of President 
of the United States, WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, of Ohio. 
And as a candidate for the office of Vice President of the United 
States, JOHN TYLER, of Virginia. 

This resolution being under consideration, it was sustained with 
great animation and eloquence, by the mover, Mr. Johnson* of Ma- 
ryland, and a delegate from each of the States represented in th« 
Convention, in the course of which Judge Buhnet, of Ohio, stated 
that it was the determination of Gen. Harrison, should he be elevated 
to the Presidency by the suffrages of his fellow citizens, not to consent 
to become a candidate for a second term. The interest of the dis- 
cussion was greatly increased by the sketch given by Mr. Burnet of 
the private virtues, the ability, and emment public services of the 
veteran patriot, Gen. Harrison, and the animated eulogy pronounced 
as well upon Henry Clay, as upon Gen. Harrison, by Governot 
Metoalfe, of Kentucky, who had been the associate of the latter in 
the public service, had witnessed hi« exploits, and bore generous and 
feeling testimony to his worth, to which, he said, his country had not 
yet done justice. 

Mr. liEiGH, of Virginia, also said, that in justice to an old, inti- 
mate, and personal friend. General Winfirld Scott, he had to assure 
the Convention, that although another had been chosen as the candi- 
date he would cordially acc^uvesce \tv>Xv^ ^^\fc\\sLvs>a!!5N^^^ •^^^'jsa 
rent/on. 



M DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

The question being then taken on the vesdution,^ it was carried B^r 
acclamation; so 

WILLUM HENRT HARRISON^ 

of Ohio^ 

was unanimously nominated as the candi^te lor the Presidency of 
flie United States,, and 

K»IN TYLER, 

of Virginia, 

was unanimously BOOuaaHsd as the candidate for the Tice Pi«si4ency.. 

When, on motion of Mr. BoARBiiAM,.of Connecticut^ it was 

Eeaolved, That we coogralulale the Democratic Whig Party of 
Ae United States upon the unanimity and enthusiasm which have- 
crowned the labors of this (yoovention, and we eail upon our con- 
stituents to redeem the solenruipledg.es hece given,, and to consummate 
the union of the Whigs for the good of Hhe union* 

The following Resolution being then oi^red by Mr. Johnson, of 
Maryland, was considered andagieedto: 

Resolved^ That it be recommended to the several States to hoM 
9tate Conventions on the twenty-second day of February, A. D- 
1840, or on such other day as may in each State be agreed on, for Uie 
purpose of nominating electorai tickets, and fbr general organization,, 
k) ensure the success of the candidates recommended by this Conr 
▼ention 

On motion of Mr. OwEHr of North Carolina^ it was 

Ordered^ That a eomm^ittee of one delegate ff om each State here 
represented, be appointed by the chair, to inform the nominees of 
this Convention of their nominaiiowi, respectively, and receive and 
publish their replies. 

Whereupon the Chair appointed the following delegates that Coos* 
suttee. 

John Owenr of North CmoIids, Ghahrm«i. 
Ehshft W. A1!en oi Maine. 
James Wilson of New Bampshhre. 
Isaac C. Bates of Massachusetts. 
James F. Simmons of Rhode Island. 
William Henry of Verm€Hi!t. 
Charles Davies of Connecticut. 
Robert C. Nicholas of New York.. 
Ephraim Marsh of New Jersey. 
Richard Mansfield of Delaware. 
John Andrew Shulze of Pennsylvanit^ 
Reverdy Johnson of Maryland. 
James W. Pegram of Virginia. 
Thomsm Metcalfe of Kentucky* 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. » 

Jacob Burnet of Ohio. 
Douglass M'Guire of Indiana. 
6. Mason Graham of lA)ui6iana« 
T. C. Tupper of Mississippi. 
William H. Russell of Missouri. 
George W. Ralph of Illinois. 
Henry W. Hilliard of Alabama. 
George C. Bates of Michigan. 

The following resolution, moved by Mr. Williamson of Penn- 
sylvania, was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Democratic Whig National Convention retam 
their sincere thanks to the trustees of the Lutheran Church in the 
Borough of Harrisburg, for the use of their beautiful edifice, so 
handsomely accorded to them. 

On motion of Mr. Horner, of New Jersey, it was 

Resolved, That this Convention recommend to the Whig Tonng 
Men of the Several States to appoint delegates from Uieir respective 
States, to assemble in Convention at the city of Baltimore, on Uie 
First Monday of May next, to take such measures as will most e& 
fectually aid the advancement of the Whig cause and sound princi- 
ples. 

On motion of Mr. Johnson, of Ohio, the following resolution 
was considered and agreed to : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Convention are tendered affec- 
tionately to the Reverend Clergy, who consented to officiate and offi- 
eiated in opening the sessions of the Convention with prayer. 

It was also, on motion of the same delegate, further 

Resolved, That the Convention present its thanks to the Honon- 
bie James Barbour, President, and to the Vice Presidents and Se(^reta- 
ries, for the able and faithful manner in which they had discharged 
their duties. 

Whereupon, The President returned his acknowledgements, and 
in an affectionate and impressive address, invoked a blessing upon the 
labors of the Convention and took leave of the members. 

On motion of Mr. Penrose, of Pennsylvania, the President wa9 
requested to furnish a copy of his address, to be published with the 
proceedings of the Convention. 

It was, on motion. 
Ordered, that the proceedmg^ of the Convention be published, im- 
der the direction of the Secretaries. 
When, on motion of Mr. Newton, of Virginia, the Convention 
Adjourned, Sine Die. 



26 DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

Note. — After the adjournment of the Convention the following 
interesting letter was received from Col. B. H. Martin, a delegate 
from Arkansas, which I have appended to the proceedings, and 
have added his name to the list of delegates ordered by the Conven- 
tion to be published « 

CHARLES B. FENROBE, Secretary. 

December 10th, 1839. 



tlARRiSBURo, Dec. 10, 1839« 
To Charles B. Penrosb, Esq. 

Secretary of the Democratic Whig National Convention. 

Dear Sir : — Having been appointed one of the Delegates from 
the State of Arkansas to the Democratic Whig National Convention, 
and having been detained by a succession of untoward events from 
participating personally in the proceedings of that Convention ; and 
having arrived at Hat risburg before the publication of its proceed-' 
ings, I request, as a matter of right, that Arkansas shall be heard in 
that Convention. 

You may conceive of my regret that I did not a^rrive in time to 
participate in the deliberations of the Convention, when I state, thai 
I have travelled a distance of near three thousand miles, having no other 
object than to represent my State in a Convention upon the delibera- 
tions and issue of which I firmly believe depends the fate of our onee 
happy country. 

Had I arrived in time to have cast the ballot of my State in refer- 
ence to the nomination of a Presidential candidate. I should have 
expressed the first choice of the Whigs of Arkansas, and cast the 
▼ote of the State for Kentucky's illustrious son — Henry Clay. 

But having fully ascertained, since my arrival, that a majority of 
the representatives of the people had ascorded the choice to that 
venerable and distinguished man. Gen. William Henry IIarrisopt, 
of Ohio ; and being fully convinced that the great statesman of the 
American world was fairly dealt with, and being also fully convinced 
that the nomination unanimously made by the Convention, of Gen. 
William Henry Harrison of Ohio, as the candidate of the people of 
this Union for President, and of John Tyler, of Virginia, for Vice 
President, is the happiest nomination that could, undet existing 
circumstances, be made, I claim the right of accoiding thereto. I 
also request that in this choice the voice of Arkansas shall be heard ; 
and I further request of the Secretaries of the Democratic W hig 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



27 



National Convention, to record and publish to the people of the Uni- 
ted States, that the State of Arkansas has cast her vote for 

Gen. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON 

of Ohio, as the candidate for President, and for JOHN TYLER, 
of Virginia, as the candidate for Vice President of these United 
States. Respectfully yoorsj 

B. H. MARTIN. 

Delegate from Arkansas. 



Delegates to the Democratic Whig National Convention^ togethet 

tvith the post-town of each Delegate. 

PRESIDENT. 
Governor JAMES BARBOUR, Barboursville, Orange Co. Va. 

VICE PRESIDENTS. 



Gov. John S. Peters, 

John Andrew Shulze, 
David Hazard, 
George Howard, 
John Tyler, 
John Owen, 
Thomas Metcalfe, 

Hon. Peter R. Livingston, 
Jacob Burnet, 
Isaac C. Bates, 
James Wilson, 



Hebron, 

Montoursville, 

Milton, 

Woodstock, 

Williamsburg, 

Fayette ville, 

Nicholas County, 

KTiinebeck, 

Cincinnati, 

Northampton, 

Keene, 



Elisha M. Huntington, Terre Haute, 
Ephraim Marsh, Schooley's Mountain, 

SECRETARIES. 



Charles B« Penrose, 


Carlisle, 


George W. Ralph, 


Belleville, 


Sylvanus R. Lyman, 


Portland, 


Charles Paine, 


Northfield, 


MAINE. 




Elisha H. Allen, 


Bangor. 


John Neal, 


Portland. 


Samuel Bradlejr, 


Hollis. 


George Pendleton, 


Camden. 


Richard H. Vose, 


Augusta. 


Zirta Hyde, 


Bath. 


NEW HAMPSHIRE. 




Godfrey Stevens, 


CXatetuoxiV. 


Soiomon M'Neil, 


R\\\s\iotow^ 


Joel Eastman, 


CotkVf«y% 



Connecticut 

Penn. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

N. Carolina 

Kentucky 

New York 

Ohio 

Mass. 

N. Hampshiie 

Indiana 

New Jersey 

Pena. 

Illinois 

Maine 

Vermont 



DEMOCRATIC WHIG 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Peleg Spragaet 
Samuel Hoar, 
Isaac C. BateSf 
Artemas Lee, 
John Howard, 
H. G. O. Colby, 
Benjamin K. Hough, 
George Ashman, 
Barker Burnell, 
Henry Shaw, 
Nathaniel M, Davifli, 
Charles Hudson, 
Warren Lovering, 
James H. Dun<;an, 
Richard Haughton, 

RHODE ISLAND* 

G«orge G. King, 
Jas. F. Simmons, 
William Antony, 
Byron Diman, 

CONNECTICUT. 

Gov. John S. Peters, 
Charles Davies, 
Wm. W. Boardman, 
Charles H. Phelps. 
Charles Hawley, 
Joseph S. Gadding, 
E. Champion Bacon, 
Ebenezer Jackson, 

VERMONT. 

William Henry, 
A. B. W. Tenney, 
Samuel H. Holiey, 
W. B. Briggs, 
Charles Paine, 



Boston. 

Concord. 

Northampton. 

Templeton. 

Springiield. 

New Bedford. 

Gloucester. 

SpringKeld, 

Nantucket. 

Lanesboro. 

Plymouth. 

Westminster. 

Medway. 

Haverhill. 

Boston. 



Newport. 
Providence. 



Coventry, Providente P. O. 
BristoL 



Hebron. 

Hartford. 

New Haven. 

Stonington. 

Stamford. 

Plainfield. 

Litchfield. 

Middletown. 



Bellows' Falls. 

Newbury. 

Middlebury. 

Jericho. 

Northfield. 



NEW YORK. 

^ Chandler Starr, New York City. 

Robert C. Nicholas, Geneva, 

John A. King, Jamaica, L. I. 

B. D. Silliman, Brooklypt 



Ontario Co. 

Queens 

Kings 



National convention. 



NEW YORK continued. 
Dudley Selden, "^ 

Rob. U. Wetmore, 1 1^^-* v^,v r;^ 
Robert Smith. ^>ew York City. 

Judah Hammond, J 
James A. Hamilton, Dobbs Ferry^ 
P. il. Livingston, Rhinebeck, 
"Hudson Mcrarlan, Monroe Works* 
Elipbas Fay, 
Elbha Jenkins, 
Henry Hamilton, 



New Paltz, 

Hudson, 

Schoharie Ct. House, 



Amos Briggs, Schaghticoke, 

Sol. Van l^nsselaer, Albany, 
J. Knickerbocker, Waterford, 
Bernard Blair, Salem, 

Henry H. Ross, Essex, 

Sylvester Gilbert, Ogdensburgh, 
Henry P. Voorhees, Fulton Ville,' 

Little Falls, 
Utica, 
Pulask), 
Bristol, 
Cooperstown, 
Binghamton, 
Sherburn, 
Elmira, 
Ithica, 
Syracuse, 
Cazenovia, 
Auburn, 
Seneca Falls, 
Canandaigua, 
West Dresdon, 
South Chili, 
Balavia, 
Genneseo, 
Fredunia, 
Black Rock, 
Yates, 



David Petrie, 

C. P. Kirkland, 
A. Z. McCarty, 
John Bradley, 
John Russell, 
Vincent Whitney, 
Devillo White, 
James Dunn, 

D. D. Spencer, 
Amos P. Granger, 
J. D. Ledyard, 
George H. Wood, 
Gary V. Sackett, 
Henry W. Taylor, 
John N. Dox, 
Is iac Lacy, 
Phineas L. Tracy, 
Alien Ayrauth, 
Chauncy Tucker, 
Lewis F. Allen, 
Jacob Chatterton, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

John A. Shuize, 
Joseph Lawrence, 
William iVl. Watts, 
John Gray, 
Moses J. Olark, 
John Williamson, 
diaries B. Penrose) 



Montoursville, 

Washington, 

Erie, 

Uniontown, 

Towanda, 

CaxViaXe, 



W. Chester co« 

Dutchess 

Orange 

Ulster 

Columbia 

Schoharie 

Rensselaer 

Albany 

Saratoga 

Washington 

Essex 

St. Laurenee 

Montgomery 

Herkimer 

Oneida 

Oswego 

Pennsylvania 

Otsego 

Broome 

Chenango 

Chemung 

Tompkins 

Onondaga 

Madison 

Cayuga 

Seneca 

Ontario 

Yates 

Monroe 

Gennesee 

Livingston 

Chatauque 

Erie 

Orleans* 



Lycoming 

Washington 

Erie 

Fayette 

Bradford 



80 



DJEMOCRATIC WHIG 



PENNSYLVANIA continued. 



Dr. Win. Darlington 


1, West Cher^er, 


Chester Co. 


Jonathan Koberis, 


Norristown, 


Montgomery 


E. C. Reigart, 


Lancaster, 


. Laocoster 


John Swift, 


Philadelphia, 




Beta Badger, 


do 




Alexander Quinton, 


Manayunk, 


Philadelphia 


Frederick Fraley, 


Philadelphia, 


do 


A. O. Cahoon, 


Wilkesbarre, 


Luzerne 


Collin M. Reed, 


VVashington, 


Washington 


James Colhoun, 


Chambersburg, 


Franklin 


George Chambers, 


do 


do 


Edward Overton, 


Towanda, 


Bradford 


John Adams Fisher, 


Harrisburg, 


Dauphin 


Wm. R. Morris, 


York, 


York 


John Dickey, 


Beaver, 


Beaver 


David J^eech, 


Leechburg, 


Armstrong 


Edward Darlington, 


Chester, 


Delaware 


Samuel M. Barclay, 


, Bedford, 


Bedford 


Thos. G. Henderson, Piqua, 


Lancaster 


E. T. McDowell, 


Doylestown, 


Bucks 


Cyrus P. Markle, 


West Newton, 


Westmoreland 


James Merrill, 


New Berlin, 


Union 


T. H. Patterson, 


Pittsburg, 


Allegheny 


Thomas E. Cochran 


, York, 


York. 


NEW JERSEY. 




• 


Asa Whitehead, 


Newark, 


Essex Co. 


Dudley S. Gregory, 


Jersey City, 


Bergen 


Ephraim Marsh, 


School ey's Mountain, 


Morris 


Thomas A. Hartwell, Somerville, 


Somerset 


JohnD. Hager, 


New Brunswick, 


Middlesex 


Craig Moffett, 


Mount Holly, 


Burlington 


Robert E. Horner, 


Princeton, 


Mercer. 


DELAWARE. 






Thomas Stockton, 


New Castle. 




Jacob Paris, 


Cooches Bridge. 




Thomas Rodney, 


Wilmington. 




Richard Mansfield, 


Middle Town. 




Prestly Spruance, 


Smyrna. 




Thos. Wain Wright, 


Camden. 




Peter F. Causey, 


Milford. 




Joshua G. Baker, 


George Town. 


A 


David Hazaid, 


Milton. 




William D. Waples, 


Daysborough. 


# 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 



91 



MARYLAND. 

Reverdy Johnson, 
Henry Page, 
George Howard, 
James Moores, 
William Price, 
Richard J. Bowie, 
Robert W. Bowie, 
Afihton Alexander, 
J. N. Goldsborough, 
John Leeds Ken, 

yraoiNiA. 

Benj. W. Leigh, 
James Barbour, 
James W. Pegram, 
Ewd. R. Chambers, 
William S. Archer, 
Wm. C. Mosly, 
John Tyler, 
Festus Dickinson, 
Willoughby Newton, 
Gen. J. B. Harvie, 
Col. Isaac A. Coles, 
Jones Greene, 
John Janney, 
Henry Berry, 
Augustus Waterman, 
Gen. B. G. Baldwin, 
Jesse Edgington, 

NORTH CAROLINA. 



Baltimore, 

Cambridge Mill, 

Woodstock, 

Belle- Air, 

Hagerstown, 

Rockville, 

Nottingham, 

Baltimore, 

Easton, 

Easton, 



Richmond, 

Barboursville, 

Petersburg, 

Boydton, 

Elk Hill, 

Buckingham C. H. 

Williamsburg, 

Bowling Green, 

The Hague, 

Richmond, 

Scott's Ferry, 

Fauquier W. S. Spring, 

Leesbiarg, 

Shepherdstown, 
Harrisonburg, 
Staunton, 
Steubenville, 



Harford Co, 

Montgomery 
P. George 



Talbot 



Orange 

Mecklenburg 
Amelia 



Caroline, 
Westmoreland 

Albemarle 

Fauquier 

Laudoun * 

Jefierson 

Rochingham 

Augusta 

Ohio. 



Gov. John Owen, Fayette ville. 

James Mebane, Yanceyville. 

Frederick J. Hill, Wilmington. 

Charles R. Kinney, Elizabeth City. 

John B. Kelly, Carthage, 

William H. Battle, Raleigh. 

Burgess S. Gaiiher, Morganton. 
John C. Washington^ Kinston. 

Isaac Burns, Salisbury. 
William F. Davidson,Charlotte. 

Thomas A. Allison, Statesville. 

Nathaniel M. Roan, Yanceyville. 

Henry W. Miller, Raleigh. 

Joseph R. Lovd, Tarborough. 

WiUiam W. Cherry, Wiadsot- 



Moore 



m 



MJMOCRATIC WHIG 



KENTUCKY. 

Thomas Metcalfe, 
Leslie Combs, 
James Shelby, 
Cassias M. Clay, 
William Preston, 
Marshall Key, 
Jennings Price, 
Franklin A.. Andrews, 
David Banks, 



Nicholas Co. 
Lexington* 






OHIO. 

Jacob Burnet, 
Benjamin Bently, 
N. 6. Pendleton, 
Cyrus Falconer, 
John Johnson, 
Wm. A. Rogers, 
Acquilla Toland, 
Wm. S. Murphy, 
John M. Creed, 
Ira Belknapp, 
Ephraim Cutter, 
Benjamin S. Cowan, 
Charles T. Sherman, 
• Cyrus Prentiss, 

Tracy Bronson, 
Holland Green, 
John S. Lacy, 

INDIANA. 

E. M. Huntington, 
Douglas McGuire, 
Amos Clark, 
James Peiry, 
J. R. Mendenhall, 
Samuel Hanna, 
Milton Stapp, 
R. W. Thompson, 
Thomas J. Evans, 
Jacob W. Bigelow, 

LOUISIANA. 

J. Mason Graham, 
*Alex. Porter, 
*Alex. Barrow, 



Louisville. 

Washington. 

Lancaster. 

Flemingsburgh. 

HopkinsviUe. 

Cincinnati, 

Wooster, 

Cincinnati, 

Hamilton, 

Piqua, 

Springfield, 

London, 

Chilicothe, 

Lancaster, 

.Zanesville, 

Marietta, 

St. Clairsville, 

Mansfield, 

Ravenna, 

Newton Falls, 

New Lisbon, 

Cadiz, 

Terre Haute. 

Indianapolis. 

Evansville. 

Liberty. 

Richmond. 

Fort Wayne. 

Madison, 

Bedford. 

Covington. 

Michigan City. 



Care of A. Dunbar Esq, Alexandria, 
St. Martinsville. 
St. Francis ville. 



HamtltQa Go* 

Wayne 

Hamilton 

Butler 

Miami 

Clark 

Madison 

Ross 

Fairfield 

Muskmgnm 

Washington 

Belmont , 

Richland 

Portage 

Trumbull 

Columbiana 

Harrison 



^Inserted at request of Mr. Graham. 



NATKMlf AL CWMf VBNTldN 



MISSISSIPPI. 

T. C. Tapper, 
Aaron S^ PerkinSy 
Anderson Miller, 

ILLINOIS. 

George W. Ralphs 
E. A. Whiple, 
W. S. Newberry, 



Catttoh, 
Tazoo City, 
Princeton, 



Madison Co. 

Yazoo 

Washington 



Belleville. 
Washington* 
Chicago. 
William B. Warren, Jacksonville* 

ALABAMA. 

William H. Fleming, Prairie Bluff, Wileox Co. 

Henry W. HiUiard, 1 

W. H. Smith, yPoal Offices omitttd to be fomiAed* 

John M. Swope, J 

MISSOURL 

William H.Russellt St. Louis. 
Logan Hunton, do 

Uriel Wright, Marion. 

MICHIGAN. 

George C. Bates, 
Thomas J. Drake, 

A. S. M'Reyndds, 

ARKANSAS. 

B. H. Martin, 
John Clark, 



Detroit* 
do 
do 

Scotia. . 
Colambnu 



C. F. M. Nowland. Batesville. 



The address of Jimos Bornkt of Ohio, made in Convention 
on tlie last day of its session is appended to the proceedings. It 
possesses peculiar interest on account of the high standing, ability 
and worth of its author, and his long intimacy with General Harrison, 
whose character and history he so well understands. 

It was prepared by him at the request of many of the delegates, and 
is published with the proceedings of the Convention because it is 
supposed that it will be particularly acceptable to the delegates and 
their constituents, on account of the valuable information it contains. 

C. B. PENROSE, SecreUtry. 



4* ^Tm'^QGiRATtC.llir^^. 



/\y 



Speech of Judge Burnet ,.M,i-..v|£ir^rt. 

Off qpio, ,^ ^ 

In the Whig National CoBtertitioTiV giving^ brief history of the life 
of G^. William Henry HarrtBon. 

Mr. President : — 

Laboring under the influence .'of< a severe oold« whidi >a€ect8 both 
my voice and head, it will itot be apprehended tltat I'shall detain the 
convention by along address..^. 'Put, sir, indisposed as I aifi, I must 
add my approving voice tor4he<jiji8l anlU merited plftUdttsi'ivhich have 
been pronounced from every part of this assembly, on ihe.disU^pisJji. 
ed son of the patriotic State of, Kentucky. In admiratiqn of his 
talents, virtueK^'^^nd J>iibfic^emd^S}^n6 man bn diis f^boi' gctes farther 
than I dp; nor does any one repeat ah eni^i^Vm ii'ejjyle^aii re and 
jwide*.^ ^'hfe/aA^h^'lfrftpe^tyof t'hft nation, ^nd \ve all claim them 
as tenants in common. Long and (ardently li'^e I desire)) to see 
him in the Presidential chair, and many a battle have I f^ug^lbl^lto 
accomplishment of that desirej.^^^Bpt few ni^no^ tkjs .flcjoij l^ar more 
of the scars of political warfare^ received "in ](us. c|)?f(f nc^^ .tl^an I do, 
nor is there one more willing to.ll^aj^e. them incre^^j^i^yin! future con- 
flicts, should it again become necessary to vindicafe his charactei;^or 
his cause. General Harrison entertains towards him the Saftte f4el« 
ings ; and has long ardently desired*^ see.4ilnl' ai*the head of the 
nation; nor would he have been a candidsite'in 1830, had it not 
been distinctly announced that Mr»!.Clay,!Aikl[ mthdcawn from the 
canvass. ^ ^ 



*. /I • 



The State of Ohio has witnessed^tliP honors tjia^ Jia\e Ijeen paid 
to that distinguished citizen, in.f^ery part of the TJcuon,. with great 
delight, and has been among iHe^fijrst.fo aol^i^Q.\?)e^g;^ orjmofe prop- 
erly speaking, to ass.ert and ^ vindicate their justice ; and here in the 
presence of this august assembly, we endorse them. 

It is no doubt expected, sir, that the delegation of Ohio will say 
9pi^^t|v^t)a^i£: occasion* > in.cQmmendaUon jof their . favorite :aon, 
OfL wtkOQQi.this iQpnvenUpa;4|as ju€4 bestowed. .one ^mongi the 'highest 
l^ifprjS to, \y^c\L the, ambiti^ iP£xaaQ oan sispirer^a unanimous ^lomir 
nidiqu^f^f fhe first ofli([:e'in UiOigift.of ^.freie and powerful nation^-**!** 
I hope, sir, I shall not. b^ chaxged ..with vanity when I say that I 
have bepn jiis i.^timat^ companion, ^nd IJiiend, fpr Wipre..thm,.fofty 
yfekiriJ? ' *i1ie free and con tiiiued iiiterogurse ths^ ha^ e^isited betweea 
jfs Torjio Ipng a. pteriod, must nec^»^aruy enaple. me to sp^alL wuh 
soiiie' cbdAdence '2^9 /tp l^Jis character, iacquirements and course, of 

Hfe^^^\!wLti^'bf \hV*'**oftl Efominion," and is an honor to the 
State which gave him birth. He is a son of Governor Harrison of 
Virginia, who was a patriot of the revolution, and a signer of tbf 



■«■■■: ••• 

NATIONAL CONVENTION. 86 

Declaration of Indep^ndeiicej proclaimed ;by the Continental Con>-:; 
gress in 1776; by which solemn >ci . he pledged *' his life, his {on 
tune and hi9 sacred honor," to maintain Ihat declaration, and hetnobiy 
redeemed his pledge. His son,, of whom I Jiow apeak, inherited' 
from his Maker, an ardent, aqlive,;. penetrating i. wind— rfai, Tseryfer* 
above mediocrity; that mind has. been iinproved by a claissicai edu-^' 
cation, under the best instructors of that day ; it has h&en stored 
with valuable and useful knowledge^ literary, scientific and historical. : 
You can scarcely name an important subject, on yrhifih he; has not' 
re.ad and i;edected, and on which t^e cannot write iimd converse .with. i 
facility and clearness. He is a good, belles-lettres -scholar ; a risadyy' 
correct, and strong writer, and must be ranked, wherever h^ is known, 
in the class of men who are, most distinguished' for improved and 
cultivated intellect. In the finer qualities of .the . heart, na man can- 
justly claim a preference ; to borrow the strong, expressive language! t 
of my friend, Governor Metcalfe, ^* Harrisonthas an ^itpanded hearty" 
and it is always in the right place, ''^ Though brave as Napoleon," 
he has much of the milk of human kindness. : Benevoleiice, and. a> 
desire to better the condition of the whole humaa family, predomi-- 
nate in his soul, and are constantly forcing themselves into action.*— 
In dress, he is plain and unostentatipus— in manners;, afiable and unas« ; 
suming. When seen engaged on his farm, w^ich is his daily; i 
emplpyrnent, and necessarily followed to obtain hi^ daily breads you 
cannot distinguish him, by the appearance of his d^ess, from any of 
his brother farmers who s^re laboring in his vicinity. His house is •- 
open to all, and its hospitality free- for all, whether high or low, rich or 
poor. It is hot exaggeration when I say, believe me, sir, it. is not po- : 
etiy or fiction, when I say, if he had but one dollar he would not)-, 
because he could not, refuse to divide it with a friejid in distress. 

In politics he has always beer^. a Democratic Republican of the' 
school of Washington, Jefferson and Madison ; he « dietests the agra« 
rian, infidel principles which are gaining power and influence at the • 
present day, and resists the doctrine .tliat Uie spoils belong to the 
victor St and that an executive or mi^Bisterial officer of government' 
may assume the responsibility of construing the constitution and laws ■ 
of the country, for selfish or party purposes. 

These statements, sir, are not surmised, nor are they taken on trust, 
they are gathered from his long life of civil and militsiry service, and 
have been seen by all who have observed him, either at the head of 
the army — in the gubernatorial chair — in the halli of legislation, or 
in a diplomatic station. 

In 1791, tliis distinguished son of the venerable signer of the 
Declaration of Independence was engaged in the study of medicine, ' 
under the care of Dr. Ruth of Philadelphia. Hearing of the mnr- 
den committed by the Indiana, on 4he deftncel«««'\'ev\vT&^'s(!^ ^ *^i^ 



ae DEMOCRATIC WHIQ 

North-wesrtern frontier, he resolved to go to their relief. At his re* 
quest, his guardian and friend, Robert Morris, of revolutionary me* 
mory, obtaiued for him, from President Washington, an ensigncy in 
the army of the United States. With this parchment in his pocket 
he hastened to Cincinnati, but did not reach it till St. Clair had march- 
ed into the Indian country ; by which Providential event, he was not 
on the bloody held where so many of his fellow officers and soldieis 
found a premature grave. The first tour of military duty he per* 
formed, was in the succeeding winter, when he marched through the 
snow on foot, at the head of nis detachment, with his knapsack upon 
his back, to the fatal battle field, to inter the bones of the slain. This 
was his first military service. We find him afterwards in 1794 an 
Aid-de-camp of the gallant Wayne,di8tinguishing himself in the battle 
at the rapids of the Maumee, where for his bravery and good conduct, 
he received the thanks of the Commander in Chief, communicated to 
the army in general orders. In 1795 he was engaged in making the 
treaty of Geenviile, under the superintendence of Gen. Wayne, 
which terminated the Indian war. He was soon after appointed Com- 
mandant of Fort Washington, and had the management of the public 
property, chiefly collected at that post. 

Early in 1798, the object being accomplished which prompted 
him to join the army, he resigned his commission and removed to his 
farm. I he next military enterprise in which we find him engaged, 
was the expedition to Tippecanoe. The treaty which he had then 
recently made with the Indian tribes h^d been violated. Tecumseh, 
admitted by all, to be the most intrepid warrior, and the most talented 
chief oi the age, had prevailed on the tribes who were parties to that 
treaty, to refuse its execution, and for the purpose of insuring the 
success of his project, was attempting to form a union among all the 
tribes from the lakes to the (!iulf of Mexico. He had visited the 
Northern tribes and had secured their co-operation, and was negocia- 
ting with those of the South for the same pur(>ose. Harrison, who 
was aware of his plan, and that he was actually engaged in the suc- 
cessful execution of it, was not idle : He communicated the facts to 
Mr. Madison, stating what would be the consequences of permitting 
it to be completed. The President promptly placed the 4th regiment 
under the command of Harrison, then Governor of Indiana ; ordered 
him to raise four hundred volunteers, and proceed to the Indian coun- 
try. The order was so promptly obeyed, that our gallant little army 
of 800 men, arrived at Tippecanoe before Tecumseh had returned 
from the South. When Harrison reached the settlement, twelve 
hundred warriors had already assembled. He sent for the Chiefs; they 
came to his camp; he told them their Great Father had uot sent him to 
fight, but to setde their compUints amicably ; and he invited them to 
meet him in council : they promised to do so the next day, and then 
jatnmed to their village. As soon as they wei^ gonoy be told Ms 



NATIONAIi OONVENTION . » 

officert he knew from their lanffiiage and behavioiir that they intended 
to attack him before morning. Confident that this was the council they 
meditated, he encamped his army in the order of battle, and directed 
his men to lie down with their clothes on, and their arms at their 
sides. His piedictions soon became history : an honr or two before 
day, in a dark, foggy night, the attack was made with great fury.— 
The conflict lasted nearly two hours, and until day light enabled him 
to see the position of the Indians, when a vigorous charge was order- 
ed, which terminated in their defeat and dispersion. The army then 
marched to the village and destroyed iu We may safely affirm that 
this was the first instance in which American troops have sustained 
themselves against a supeiior force of Indians, in a night attack of 
two hours continuance. As fruits of this victory the treaty was pre- 
served and the peace and safety of the frontier secured. It was from 
this battle, so important to the government and people of Indiana, and 
so brilliant in the mode of its achievement, against a desperate foe, 
that General Harrison derived the appellation of the ** Hero of Tip- 
pecanoe." 

The savages on the fontier of Indiana, having been thus defeated 
and scattered, and Governor Harrison hearing that they were taking 
scalps and breaking up the settlements on the frontier of Ohio, re- 
signed his commission as Governor, and superintendent of Indian 
affairs, together with their emoluments, repaired to Cincinnati, and 
volunteered in our defence. In a few months he succeeded in scat- 
tering the savages on our borders ; a part of them he drove to the 
lakes, and the residue he compelled to remove to a place of safety 
within our . setdements. By this operation^ the settlers on our fron- 
tier were relieved from danger, and hundreds who had fled to the 
denser settlements of the State for protection, returned to their im- 
provements and oecupied them in safety. A person who has not an 
accurate knowledge of the condition of the North-western portion of 
Ohio, at the time of the late wan when it was an unbroken wilder- 
ness, without inhabitants, other than aborigines^ — without roads, 
bridges, ferries, or improvements of any kind, cannot form an idea 
of the diflif^lties General Harrison encountered, in feeding, sustain- 
ing and keeping together his army. The difliculties and perplexides 
which beset him during all his campaigns are known to but fbw, and 
cannot be justly appreciated by any ; yet by unceasing activity and 
by the eflbrts of his poweiful mind, he overcame them all. But it is 
impossible to dwell on minutis — a volume would not contain the half 
of such a detail. Pressed down by all these difllcultics he kept the 
field ; he never dispaired for a moment ; and such was the confidence 
reposed in his bravery and skill, by both oflicers and soldiers, that 
their spirite never flaggad*-theur hopes never sunk. It im not gene- 
nllj known that the Fleet built at Erie, by •which the command of 



' 88 DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

"a 

# 

the Lakes was obtained, was a project reconrmended by General £[ar- . 
rison, and that it was adopted by Mr/ Madison, in consequenisie of' 
hid unbounded confidence in the prudence and sound judgment of him 
who proposed it. Before the period of which I am now speiaking, 
: General Harrison had been appointed a Major General in tl\e militia 
-; of Kentucky, by a law of that State, and liad been appointed a Major 
'? General in the army of ithe United States, by Mr. Madison.' 
'^; Passing over a multitude of affairs of smaller moment, let me 
- point your attention to the memorable siege of Fort Meigs : that 
I: work of defence, consisting of* a mud embankment and an inclcsure 
V . of piquets,- was defended triumphantly and successfully by about^a 
i', thousand men for many days, (if I mistake not, seven or eight,) a- . 
fi gainst the attack of Proctor, who commanded an' army of Biitish and 
Indians, at least /bt/r times the number of the besieged, which was 
*: furnished- with all the material necessary ; for the occasion. Such 
'*' was the skill, the bravery, and the indefatigable efforts of General 
v Harrison — sucli whs the success of the repeated sallies he made, that 
he compelled the enemy to abandon the siege in despair. It is wor- 
'. thy of remark, that on the second day of the attack, Proctor sent an 
> officer with a flag, to demand the surrender of the post. The grounds 
:' of this demand were, that the American force was too weak to defend' 
^■- the works against the overwhelming force of the besiegers, and that 

■ General Proctor was anxious to save the effusion of blood. The Hn- 
;■ trepid Harrison promptly replied : . ** If General Proctor ktiows the 
';• usages of war, as I am bound to believe he does, he must either 

hiave considered me ignorant of them, or he must have intended an 

\l insult. It was )iis duty to jmake the demand before he commenced 

•j firing on the works. But, sir, said he, go back and tell your Gene-" 

i lal that I know my own force* and his, and that I shall defend the 

. ; works to the last extremity. Tell him farther^ that if he everpos* 

■ 'h £esses the Fort, he shall obtain it in a way that ivill give him more 
:"? honor in the estimation of his Government than he could derive 

\yrom a thousand surrenders.''^ Another incident is also worthy of 
rj notice : After the enemy had retired, n number of the Indians who 
I liad left them came into the ibrt and stated that a contract had been 
%■ entered into between Proctor and Tecumseh, that as soon as the fort 
'I surrendered, which they consifiered inevitable, Harrison should be 
^ given up to the Indians, to be disposed of as they might see proper. 
^' Harrison replied : "Then General Procton can be neither a soldier 
% yior a man. But if it shall ever be his fate to surrender to me, his 
''■^ 1 ife ehall be protected, but I will dress him in a petticoat, and deliver 
? 1 lim over to the squaws, as being unworthy to associate with men." 
f On this story, sir, was founded an infamous slander on General Har- 
-. Briton, and a baise insult to the ladies of Chilicothe, fabricated by a 
t. person whose name I will not stoop to mention, tnd pnbliihed by 
\ ^he administration press. 



NATIONAL^ CONVEUJTIPJPI. W 

It was long a|]ter the successibl defence of this Fort, that our hon- 

vbirednoininee lei'his victorious armyjinto Fort Maiden, recaptured 

Detroit and the Territory surrendered "ixy ihe unfortunate HuU, and 

pursuing the enemy to the Thames, subdued the united forces of 

Proctor and Tecumseh, and captured the entire British army ! 

The war having been thus gloriously terminated in his own dis- 
trict, Harrison repaired to Erie and tendered his services to the. army 
operating in that quarter. Unfortunately, the Secretary of War was 
there, who felt some private griiefs.. unredressed, and. was moreover 
^envious of the laurels which Gen. Harrison had so dearly, but justly 
won, and being unwilling to see another added to the wreath, he or- 
dered him to repair to the Ohio, where he had no further duty to 
perform, having already brought the war to a close in that quarter* 
The order was obeyed. He returned to his family and immediately 
resigned his commission^ declaring that he could not honestly eat the 
bread of the Government when he was denied the privilege of 
rendering service in return. Here, Sir, terminated the brilliant mili- 
tary career of a hero who had won many victories, btU who never 
lost a battle. 

Now, sir,^ let us look at this distinguished man in political and pri- 
vate life. Time forbids to do more than name the stations he has 
filled. When he resigned his first commission, which was given 
him by the " Father of his Country," he was appointed Secretary 
of the North-western Territory. The Governor being then absent, 
he was ex officio acting Governor, and vested with all the Execu- 
tive power of the Territory, which he executed with great pru- 
dence, and to the ppprobation of the Government and people. In 
1799, the Territorial Legislature, (myself being one of them,) ap- 
pointed him the delegate to represent the Territory in the Congress 
of the United States. His election h^d been opposed by a numer- 
ous class of men who had purchased land from his father-in-law, and 
had settled on and improved it. They had failed to obtain a title from 
the vendor, and weret at the mercy of Congress, liable to be dispo- 
sessed at any moment. They wished to obtain pre-emption rights 
and other indulgences. It was the interest and the anxious desire 
of the vendor to defeat their object. On this account they entreated 
the Legislature not to appoint Mr. Harrison. believing that he would 
be governed by the views of- his father-in-law, and oppose their 
claims. Ho was notwithstanding, chosen, and to the surprise of those 
men, he volunteered in their cause, and though against his own ulti- 
mate interest, he procured for 'them the boon they were so anxious 
to obtain.. 

At the same session he procured the passing of an act requiring 
the public lands to be surveyed and sold in small tracts. Under the 
former law, it was impossible, for a^poor man to become a purchaser 
from Government— he waB compelled to purchase from the ai^QcvkW 
tor at an advanced price, »,.Put by \.\iQ ^xDk<&xviW«ic^ ^-s^vi v^'^'^^*^ 
ihe nation f if induitriousVmi^HWiCcome ^xw\tA«^^^«^^'«^'^^^ 



40 •^DEMOORATIO WHIG 

and sir, it is public history, that fboHsands of thousands have beooms 
so, and erery emigrant who how removes to the west from any part of 
the Union, has the same privile^. The benefit which has been oerived 
by the industrious poor, from that successful effort of General Harri- 
son, is beyond the power of numbers to compute. Having accom- 
plished these important objects in Congress, he resigned his seat and 
was appointed Governor of Indiana. He administered that govern- 
ment twelve years, with such ability, benignity, and success, that all 
that portion of its present population , who resided there under 
his administration, look up to him as the political father of that 
state. We next find Kim representing the people in the Legislature 
of Ohio— * then in the House of Representatives of the United States— 
afterwards in the Senate of the United States — and lastly we see 
him the Ambassador of his Government at the Court of the haughty 
Bolivar. In all tliese stations he has received from the government 
and the people, the plaudit of 'well done good and faithful servant;'— 
and it igay be added, this has been his onfy reward. 

Suffer me to say here, that it is the settled and publicly expressed 
opinion of General Harrison, that no man, however great, wise and 
good, should be re-elected President of these United States. To the 
prevalence of the opposite opinion, he ascribes most of the corrup- 
tion and strife which have agitated and disgraced the nation — and I 
add, that if elected, he will enter on the duties of the office, having 
no griefs to avenge, and no obligations to fulfil, in relation to indi- 
viduals. 

And now sir, what more can I add — ^I have attempted to throw a ray 
of light on the almost forgotten life of one of the most useful, virtuous 
and patriotic citizens our country has ever produced. From an in- 
timate and confidential acquaintance with him, of more than forty 
Tears standing, I can speak ex cathedra. The single fact, that after 
he has held all these offices, with abundant opportunities of accumu- 
lating wealth, at the expense of his country, he has retired to private 
life comparatively poor, is enough to place him on a level with Aris- 
tides. 

Had he nothing more to complain of but the blighting negligence 
of his own government, which has compelled him Cincinnatus like, 
to labor at the plough for the bread which feeds his family, it might be 
endured. But, sir, it is not so : malice has assailed his character, 
and thousands who know him not, have innocently yielded to it their 
assent. An attempt to refute charges against his bravery, would 
be as insulting to him, as it would be ridiculous in the eyes of 
the world* Insinuations have been made injurious to his moral char- 
acter ; those who know him personally, smile at the folly of such 
efforts, and let me say to all others, that a man of purer moral charao- 
ter does not inhabit our land. When every thing else fails, they pro- 
elaim at the top of their voices that he is an imbecile M man. Shr, 
J^J^Mdi&0pfyamir0 of taking him by the hand tht ni^MQingl left home ; 



NATIONAL CONVENTION. 41 

« * • 

scarcely a week passes in, which I do not see and converse with him, 
and let me assure you and this assembly, and the American people^ 
4hat his mind is as vigoroub, as active j and as discriminating -as it 
4tas in the meridian of his days ; that ke enjoys fine health, nnd *aU 
the bodily vigor and activity which belong to a man of sixty-five 
or sixty-six. 

Now, sir, let me attempt to give utterance to the ecstacy of joy 
^nd delight which the transactions of this day have produced on my 
-own mind. In common with all my associates in this imposing as- 
sembly, I feci that our country is redeemed and saved — the sounds of 
unity and concord, which striTce the ear from every seat in this sacred 
temple — Che united declaration of entire acquiescence in the result 
of our deliberations — the enthusiastic pledges, tendered by every 
member of this august body, to devote himself heart and hand, to 
sustain the distinguished individuals we are about to present to the 
people, as the men of our unanimous choice — the expression of joy, 
on the faces of so many aged and venerated patriots, who have fin- 
ished their course in public life — who have long since crossed the 
meridian — are on their downward course, and will soon pass the ho- 
rizon, to be seen here no more ; I say, sir, to hear such men testify 
their feelings of approbation, pledge their zealous efforts to advance 
the causCj and proclaim their confidence in its triumphant success, pro- 
duces sensations which cannot be described. To hear the shouts of 
approbation — the enthusiastic promises of exertion, and the confi- 
■dent predictions of victory, from the young and vigorous portion of 
this body, is enough to inspire the most confirmed Stoic. In short, 
the entire manifestations of this day, so exciting, so cheering, have 
produced a general ecstacy of delighc, of which those who have not 
witnessed the scene, and felt the threatened danger of disagreement 
in this body, as we have done, can form no conception. For one, I 
must say, that although I am near the termination of the prophetic 
number of days allotted for the life of man, I have never, in that long 
period, witnessed such an imposing spectacle. I am almost ready 
to repeat and apply to myself the pious exclamation of the good old 
tSimeon. 

Mr. President— Is not this enough lor one day? The great object 
which brought us here, from every part of the Union, is accomplished. 
That object was to produce unity and harmony of action, in the great 
struggle we are on the eve of commencing ; a «tniggle to save the 
liberty, the morals, and the happiness of the people, and to rescue 
the constitution from the hands of profligate men, under whose man- 
agement it is sinking to decay. This object, 1 repeat, has been gained. 
It is the opinion <rf every American, whose principles have not been 
'debased by the cjorrupt and conirpttng influence of the National Ad- 
ministration, that an effort should be made to save \.\v^ ^-kjow^vvn ^-isafew 
leffort has now been made, a^nd Bwcceaa^\i?\^ \fta^% '^'^c^ >aKsjc«3 



42 DEMOCRATIC WHIG 

zeal it has produced* have accomplished half the victory already^ . 
and will consummate it heieafu^r. It is now manifest that we came 
here deeply impressed with the importance of the object at siake^ 
which is nothing tess than the perpetuity of the glorious constitution 
bequeathed by our fathers. VVe all kdow, sir, that in such a 
struggle, in a contest for s^ch a prize, we can not afford to dispute and 
wrangle about minor matters ; and we have therefore offered up our 
preferences on the altar of patriotism. This Convention has carried 
out its professions, that it seeks the prosperity and happines'sof the 
whcie Union, and that it contends for principles instead of men. — 
Our choice has not been restricted for want of material ; among the 
Whigs and Conservatives of the country there are a thousand en- 
lightened patriots, honest, capable and faithful, into whose hand-^ we 
may safely commit the Cxrcutive Government of the country. From 
such men we have made our selection, and now give to the Nation 
a unittd, unbroken ple<]ge, to support it. We cannot therefore des- 
pair, or permit our hopes to sink. There is talent and virtue enough 
in the n«iiion to save it. After what we have accomplished, nothing 
is wanted but unity, energy and confidence ; let these be put in requi- 
sition, and victory will. perch upon our standard, the constitution will 
be Stived, and the purity of its administration resU)red and we will 
transmit it to our childien as we received it from our fathers. I say 
we jjui/lt because every gentleman on this floor, old and young, stands 
pledged to redeem the promise. Depend on it, sir, there is a conser- 
vative principle in the great mass of the American people, which may 
be called into successful action by united effort; and I am now fully 
perpuaded that victory will crown our efforts, since we have this day 
unfurled before the nation, the Union flagf, inscribed with the motto 
ot the Hon. Mx. Wise of Virginia, *' Union, for the sake of tho 
Union." 

4 



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